Esperanto - Lesson 2

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Basic Structure II

Welcome to the second lesson of Esperanto. Now we will learn more about the structure of this language, and you will be surprised about how easy the this language is.

Feminine of a noun

In Esperanto when you want to change a noun from masculine to feminine you only must add the the particle -ino.

                 Patro (father)  - Patrino (Mother)
                 Knabo (guy)     - Knabino (girl)
                 Frato (brother) - Fratino (sister)
                 Signoro (Mr.) - Signorino (Mrs.)

And this applies for all the nouns.

Plural of a noun

In Esperanto, if you want to change a singular into a plural, you just only have to add the letter -j.


And again, it apply for all the nouns.


Adjectives in Esperanto are always ending with the letter -a. When a noun is modified, for example, changed form singular to plural, the adjective has the same transformation.

          La bela floro.  (The beautiful flower)
          La belaj floroj.(The beautiful flowers)

                Vocabulary #2
             1.Bela: beautiful
             2.bona: good
             5.facila: easy
             6.malfacila: difficult
             7.domo: house
             8.kafo: cofee
             9.pano: bread
            10.nokto: night

If you notice you can create the opposite of an adjetive adding mal- at the beginning of it. Like in the case of Bela (beautiful) changed into Malbela(ugly).

Well this was the second lesson, i will post an exercise soon so you can probe your learning, do not forget to post your comments and questions in the #anarchopedia channel, or in my mail