Esperanto - Lesson 3

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Basic Structure III

Hello my friends, today we will continue learning about the grammar of this amazing language.


              mi:  (I)
              vi:  (you) 
              li:  (he)
              ŝi:  (she)
              ĝi:  (it)
              ni:  (we)
              vi:  (you in plural)
              ili: (they)

           Some examples:
            1. Mi kaj ŝi lernas (learn)  esperanton.
            2. Li estas forta (strong) knabo.
            3. Ili estas lernantoj(students).

Possessive pronouns

In esperanto to change a regular pronun into a possessive pronoun you just add the letter -a.

              mi (I)     - mia (my)
              vi (you)   - via (your)
              li (he)    - lia (his)
              ŝi (she)   - ŝia (her)
              ĝi (it)    - ĝia (its)
              ni (we)    - nia (our)
              vi (you in plural) - via (your)
              ili (they) - ilia (their)
       1.Mia patro estas juna(young) kaj forta. 
       2.Lia kudo estas maljuno.

Now you know the pronouns, If you see i am not translating the sentences. Now you are making progress and reading directly in Esperanto.

                          Vocabulary #3
                       1.Forta: strong
                       4.anarkiisto: anarchist
                       5.kapitalismo: capitalism
                       6.ami: love(verb in infinitive)
                       7.skribi: to write(verb in infinitive)
                       8.lerni: to learn (verb in infinitive)   
                      10.libera: free

There are some more words to your vocabulary. I hope you practice and apply the language. Remember to send any comment or suggestion to my mail, or just contact me on the channel.