Esperanto - Lesson 1
Welcome to esperanto first lesson. In this first lesson we will understand the structure of the language.
First, i will use the sentence:
La birdo kaptas la insekton. The bird catch the insect.
La:is an article, the only article in Esperanto. It is like the word "The" in English.
birdo: it means bird, all nouns in Esperanto have the termination -o.
kaptas: this is an easy part of the Esperanto... the verbs.
The verb "Kaptas"(catch) Infinitive Kapti: all verbs in infinitive ends in -i. Present kaptas : all verbs in present ends in -as. Past kaptis: all verbs in past ends in -is. Future kaptos: all verbs in future ends in -os.
The same applies to all the verbs.
Insekton: Note that this noun (insect) doesn´t ends in -o. That is because insekto is the direct object in the sentence, is the word which the verb is directed to.
This was the basic grammar of the Esperanto. I will include a vocabulary with some words so you can start making some sentences, and using it.
1.Kudo: dog 2.patro: father 3.frato: brother 4.besto: animal 5.floro: flower 6.trinki: drink 7.habi: have 8.lakto: milk 9.insekto: insekto 10.birdo: bird
This was the first lesson, don't worry if you don´t understand at the first time. Any help that you need just send me a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or post it in discussion. I will be happy to help. I will also post a test so you can see how much you are understanding and you can copy paste it into my mail so i can correct it.